Though ultrasound is used as a diagnostic tool today, it was considered a therapy when it first appeared in medicine in the 1920s. Read on to learn how today's 3D and 4D ultrasounds work.
Ultrasound machines are complex pieces of equipment, but the basic principle is so simple a bat can use it. Send out high-pitched sound signals (so high-pitched humans can't hear them, in fact), and listen for them to bounce back. The time it takes for the sound to return tells you how close you are to another object, and sending dozens of these signals per second gives you a pretty good picture of the contours of the environment ahead of you and which bugs are juiciest. In the case of an ultrasound machine, these calculations typically map a 2D picture of a growing fetus in the womb. A 3D ultrasound takes this idea a step further, sending ultrasonic waves from a variety of angles around the body to provide a significantly more detailed picture. Adding the element of time results in a moving 3D image, often called a 4D ultrasound. Both 3D and 4D ultrasounds are elective procedures, most commonly used to show what a baby looks like and to identify its gender.
Though ultrasonic technology is used as a diagnostic tool today, it was considered a therapy when it first appeared in medicine in the 1920s, using much more intense ultrasonic energy to apply controlled heat to tissues deep within the body. However, in 1955, Professor Ian Donald of Glasgow University?s Department of Midwifery began to test its application to the diagnosis of tumors, creating a stir in the medical community when he identified a large but operable ovarian cyst in a patient who had been misdiagnosed with inoperable cancer of the stomach. In 1959 he discovered that the ultrasonic waves could provide images of fetuses as well, allowing doctors to study pregnancy at all stages, diagnose any complications, and help name the baby by seeing which celebrity it looks most like.
Cach? helps women turn heads with fun, vibrant outfits that transition easily from day to night. From lifestyle sportswear to cocktail dresses, the national specialty boutique has what women need to look fabulous before, during, and after their 9-to-5. To ensure a personalized shopping experience, stylists stand ready to advise customers in every boutique. Shoppers can even schedule a one-on-one appointment to streamline preparations for a special event.
Though these looks change from season to season, Cach? is known for incorporating bold prints and patterns into everything from floral pants and dresses to animal-print tops. On the flip side, Cach? also maintains an entire collection of LBDs?little black dresses?that fit in just as well at a cocktail party as they do at the office.
There’s love in Fanny Cakes: love for baking, love for surprising the tongue, and love for family. As a young girl, chef Kristyn spent long days baking alongside her nana, Fanny. Those hours spent in flour and those moments waiting by the oven planted seeds in Kristyn that sprouted into a passion for baking and, eventually, the start of Fanny Cakes—named in honor of the woman who inspired her. Kristyn now relies on formal culinary training as well as the lessons learned from her nana while she crafts personalized treats for birthday parties, wedding receptions, and everything in between. She pays further homage to her nana as she works by using the sorts of ingredients Fanny loved—sweet creamery butter, belgian chocolate, and natural citrus zests—but finds inventive and eye-catching ways to showcase their flavors.
The fondant-draped tiers of Kristyn's full-size cakes conceal flavorful fillings such as lime curd or coconut custard. Cupcakes also feature inspired combinations, such as strawberry daiquiri with rum-spiked buttercream and snickerdoodle with a dusting of graham crackers and cinnamon sugar. Even with all of these flavors speaking for themselves, Kristyn still commits to presentation, designing cakes shaped like everything from a Gulfstream jet to an electric guitar. She also expands her menu beyond traditional bakery offerings by creating treats such as grown-up cake shots with doses of liqueur and cupcake push pops in plastic cylinders. She even shares her techniques with the public by leading classes that teach students how to decorate cupcakes without covering them in old two-cent stamps.
Pzaz Dresses drapes patrons in shimmering designer gowns fit for special occasions, proms, and weddings. Customers browse frocks in all the colors of the rainbow, color wheel, and Technicolor peacock within Pzaz’s overflowing show room. A Jovani drape-back jersey short dress ($320) wraps its wearer in royal blue, and a Jovani animal-print sequin short dress puts a glittery spin on traditional eveningwear ($300). Long layers of eye-grabbing fuchsia or gray mark the Night Moves evening dress by Allure, enveloping its wearer in auras of elegance. Touch Ups shoes ($30+) complement torsos and top hats with simple, single-color comfort that classes up pavement pounders more effectively than dressing toes in tiny tuxedos.
Using ingredients that are certified Kosher and organic, Green Apple Foods NY creates gourmet variants of classic fairground treats. Staff members pop kettle corn and popcorn fresh daily, in flavors such as jalapeño sea salt or cinnamon toast. Candy apples don toppings such as toasted coconut or s'mores marshmallows, which disguise them from vengeful apple trees looking to reclaim their lost offspring. All popcorn, cotton candy, and candy apples are handmade in a facility free of peanuts, without any trans fats. Green Apple Foods NY also partners with McBride Farms in Long Island to supply shoppers or lonesome salads with crisp, seasonal produce.