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Plants and flames should usually be kept apart, but when John Bartram settled on a 102-acre plot of land in 1728, he was lit with a "Botanick fire" that inspired him to create a comprehensive catalogue of local plant life. Bartram's Garden carries on his enthusiasm for making a “compleat Discovery of the Native Growth in America," collecting an array of native plants, including the oldest Ginkgo biloba in North America and the Franklinia alatamaha, which John discovered in Georgia and saved from extinction. Bartram's Garden has been a site of historic significance since 3,000 B.C., when Native Americans left behind numerous artifacts, including flakes from stone tools and fire-cracked rock. After Bartram settled on the land, it became a meeting place with his friends, Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin, with whom he founded the American Philosophical Society and the country's first beach-volleyball league. As King George III's royal botanist, Bartram was charged with shipping crates of precious seeds back to Britain. He helped color Britain’s gardens with new magnolias, rhododendrons, and sugar maples, none of which had been seen outside of America, and published the first nursery catalog in the United States in 1783. Today, the garden stretches more than 45 acres of parkland, wildlife habitats, tidal wetlands, and a reclaimed meadow. Visitors can wander the grounds and gaze at Bartram's austere stone cottage, or look around at the same trees and plants that Bartram discovered centuries ago. Past the manicured nursery and orchard, a recently completed mile-long trail extends to the Schuylkill riverfront and east coast greenway.
54th Street and Lindbergh Boulevard
Philadelphia ,
PA
US
Those who bring binoculars to this 1,000-acre protected expanse are likely to spot some of the 300 bird species who pass through on their migrations, whereas those who look down might find a locally endangered species of turtle. Bring along a picnic basket or fishing pole to spend a day unwinding in the sun.
8601 Lindbergh Boulevard
Philadelphia,
PA
US
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