One primary purpose of a dental appointment is checking for cavities. To learn exactly how they form, read on.
Cavities?also known as dental caries or simply tooth decay?form as the direct result of two interplaying factors: food and bacteria. As soon as 20 minutes after a meal, more than 500 types of bacteria begin to feast on any refined sugar or starch they can find, producing a potent acid as a byproduct. Tooth enamel is considered the hardest substance in the human body, but if left alone for extended periods, this acid can easily bore its way past the enamel and into the inner layers of the tooth, which house nerves, blood vessels, and minerals worth approximately 25 cents on the fairies' black market. Cavities can be difficult to notice in time?many don?t exhibit pain in the early stages of development, and they often occur in hard-to-clean spots, such as the small crevices on the top of molars. What's more, unlike a child's missing tooth, enamel doesn't grow back. Once it's gone, it's gone forever.
In a study conducted in Warwickshire, England, fossilized records showed that only 8% of people living in the Iron Age experienced tooth decay?a stark contrast to today?s 48%. Granted, blacksmiths might have been able to forge strong toothpicks, but there's a larger culprit to blame: the influx of carbohydrates, sugars, and processed foods that became more common in later humans' diets. To counter the increase in oral ailments, dentistry evolved from a field that relied solely on bare-knuckle boxing matches to one that delicately treats decay as it appears, most often by removing the acid-eaten portions of the tooth and rebuilding the structure with a cement filling or crown. As always, however, the best offense is a good defense?dentists recommend brushing daily and visiting the office twice a year to prevent cavities from even forming.
As happens to so many, Carron Schaer's youthful athleticism started to evaporate, leaving behind a sedentary adult lifestyle. But a desire to run and play with her young son inspired her to take up fitness again. With a combination of exercise and diet changes, she blasted away 55 pounds, pole-vaulting over that accomplishment to become a National Academy of Sports Medicine–certified personal trainer. In 2011, to help others find fitness success, she founded Accomplish Fitness and Boot Camp. It wasn't long before Sivan McCoy – a former member of the Air Force, an experienced triathlete, and an MMA fighter – followed in Carron's footsteps and came on as a boot-camp instructor.
Now, the duo leads daily boot camps at various outdoor locations. Their charges run, lift weights, and sweat beneath the gaze of the sun like a criminal sweats under the gaze of a detective made of fire.
Albert Jernigan holds black belts in two disciplines of tae kwon do, a testament to his three decades' experience in martial arts. At his Jernigan’s School of Martial Arts and Self-Defense, Albert puts this knowledge to work, teaching students as young as 6. His programs for men, women, and children encompass the principles of tae kwon do, tai chi, jujitsu, and kickboxing. He also caters to senior citizens, specializing in exercises that alleviate the discomforts of arthritis.
Premier Vitality Health Center specializes in the BodyLight fat-loss treatment, a cutting-edge, noninvasive technology. Over the course of about 15 minutes, technicians apply LEDs to problem areas, which generally include the waist, hips, or thighs. While the lights get to work targeting fat cells and reducing body circumference, clients can listen to music, zone out to white noise, or practice funny voices to impress the receptionist.
With experience in training UFC and MMA fighters, coach Steve Trentham and a team of trainers use Dallas Underground Strength & Fitness to summon the athlete from everyone, not by using an overabundance of exercise, but by making sure each session is focused, personalized, and effective. In addition to preparing college-bound clients for intense athletic careers that range from Division I soccer players to racing-horse impersonators, the team takes average citizens of all ages, fitness levels, and sizes under his wing. To help determine the perfect workout for each client, they conduct thorough fitness assessments, searching for both obvious and subtle clues in each exercise he has them perform. For instance, they investigates core stability using an exercise known as the plank, looking at the body's alignment from ankle to shoulder to search for weak spots and problem areas. Once they have an understanding of how an individual's body works, the team of coaches blends targeted exercises with full-body workouts and nutritional advice to increase overall strength and performance.
Martin Gonzalez, certified consulting hypnotist, is the brains and calm, soothing voice behind Alpha Omega Hypnosis. He draws on his numerous certifications—including from the American Hypnosis Association and the National Guild of Hypnotists—to personalize sessions for each client. During each appointment, he brings clients into a light state of hypnosis, then uses techniques such as regression or neurolinguistic programming to help them lose weight, boost confidence, alleviate phobias, or deal with anxiety, among other services.