When the guides and staff at Good Enough Mine Tour opened their 1879 Tombstone silver mine to the public, their achievement was more than a year in the making. They had worked tirelessly, blasting compressed air and water to clear blocked passageways, cutting through solid rock, and mixing concrete that they'd carried into the mine on their backs. Once they finished clearing the tunnels, they built stairs and railings and installed lights. Finally, guides began leading tours through the mine's original passageways.
Today, Good Enough Mine Tour's guides escort visitors as far as 100 feet underground into the mine's 19th-century depths, where they divulge the history and uses of 130-year-old structures and artifacts such as strap-rail, lanterns, and dynamite fuses. They sometimes lead visitors through narrow passageways and into stopes??large chambers created by ore removal??or up ladders and into the living rooms of friendly mole people.
A small group of explorers stands beneath an open dome of night sky as pinpricks of starlight glitter against the expanse's dark blues and blacks. Each spot of light even seems to look much clearer from here—likely because the group is standing 9,157 feet above sea level. At the Stewart Observatory inside Mt. Lemmon SkyCenter at the mountain's summit, scientists guide visitors through the use of gear such as a 32-inch Schulman telescope—the state's largest public viewing telescope—to probe the far reaches of space to learn about celestial phenomena and take in magnified images of the universe just above.
Days and nights at the center bring a slew of learning experiences to budding astronomers. Accompanied by University of Arizona scientists, Discovery Days lead explorations of topics such as tree rings, hummingbirds, and meteorology, frequently beckoning students into the surrounding outdoors. During nightly SkyNights programming, groups summit Mt. Lemmon for a five-hour evening of dining and stargazing at the observatory. One-on-one time with heavenly bodies comes courtesy of Astronomer Nights, wherein site staffers grant singles or pairs lodging, private access to the Schulman telescope, and the chance to contribute directly to the field upon discovering a supernova, nebula, or handlebar mustache on the man in the moon.
Periodically, the scientific team also expounds on specific topics, such as digital celestial imaging, with the public in multiple-day workshops. Each participant builds on the Stewart Observatory's list of achievements since 1970, which include furthering infrared astronomy, surveying the moon for Apollo lunar landings, and searching for near-Earth asteroids.
Spread out on 20 acres of fertile land?with traits comparable to Rioja in Spain, France's Rhone region, and Saturn's seventh ring?Wilhelm Family Vineyards yields an assortment of grapes. Perched on the Sonoita plain at nearly 5,000 feet elevation, the vineyard resides in a cool, grassland climate above the desert. Winemaker Karyl Wilhelm, who has completed U.C. Davis's renowned Winemaker's Certificate Program, produces wines such as the tempranillo-based Kevin's Choice, an award-winning blend named after her pilot husband. Each bottle of wine leaves the grounds with a stamp of approval in the form of Karyl's signature, which is written directly on the bottle in eye-catching metallic ink.
Guests who enter the tasting room enjoy a warm welcome from a 95-pound weimaraner named Chancellor, who muses over the earthy notes of his rawhide bone while patrons sample the winery's selection of red, white, semisweet, dessert, and seasonal wines. As veterans of the first Gulf War, Karyl and Kevin celebrate each Veterans Day by offering a Patriot Salute Zinfandel-based wine with a label designed by renowned artist and pilot, Jim Laurier. The winery, which also hosts weddings, graduation parties, and other catered events, uses vegan-friendly practices, makes its wines with low sulfite additions, and recaptures water to use in the vineyard.
As the oldest continually operating winery in Arizona, Sonoita Vineyards has had plenty of time to hone its craft. Its enduring success is partly due to its hillside location, which, although lovely for humans, is even better for grapes. Nestled on a south-facing slope, the 30 acres of vineyards are protected from much of the area's harsh weather and supplied with plenty of water by root-guarding berms. This setting has proven ideal for 10 varieties of grape vines, whose fruit becomes Sonoita Vineyards' 12 wines and whose stems and leaves go back into the soil to fertilize more grapes. These vintages include crisp, sparkling whites and an earthy blend of merlot, cabernet sauvignon, and syrah grapes. Perhaps the popular vintage is the cabernet sauvignon, which is so celebrated that it's been served at a presidential inauguration gala and used to christen every new vice president.
The flavor profiles of these wines come to life during staff-guided group tastings and wine flights in the tasting room. These tastings aren't the bar's only attractions: the wine-production facilities are visible from the bar, and visits during the late-summer harvest season provide a glimpse into the winemaking process as it happens. Meanwhile, an outdoor portico offers a space for picnics and views framed by mountain ranges.
The vintage-style trolleys in Tombstone Trolley Tours' fleet trace the timeline of their town and offer a narrative history of its past during half-hour historic tours. The vehicles drive by architectural and scenic landmarks as a guide recounts their stories, relaying historical information on such topics as the rise of silver mining and the Boot Hill Graveyard. Other tours in the past have covered spectral hauntings, or carried audiences to Helldorado Town for thrillingly staged gunfights. Each trolley is wheelchair accessible and equipped with air conditioning, and the staff welcomes pets on board free of charge. Tours run continuously from 10:30 a.m. to 3:45 p.m. every day of the week, and gunfight shows begin at 11:30 a.m., 1 p.m., and 3 p.m.
Upon planting their first vineyard in 1990, the Callaghan family found their efforts tested by a harsh heat wave that killed thousands of their young vines. But instead of sowing sour grapes for the winemaking business, the Callaghans took it as a learning experience, planting and replanting until they found tempranillo, riesling, and bordeaux varieties perfectly suited to the arid Arizona climate. The hard work in the field also pays off later, as the high-quality grapes require lots of barrels and little else to mature into wines that have been served at three White House dinners and led former Arizona Governor Janet Napolitano to dub the winery a state treasure. Since 2008, Callaghan Vineyards has also earned more than 10 medals in the Jefferson Cup Awards, which honors the best US wineries, and—like the party-hosting leg of a triathlon—includes competitors on an invitation-only basis.