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The Handy Guide to Makeup Brush Sets

BY: Ashley Hamer | Aug 13, 2018

Large makeup brush sets full of pretty brushes, say unicorn or maybe mermaid brushes, are exciting, but all those different tools can leave even a hardcore beauty enthusiast puzzled. Why does the set include similarly shaped brushes in different sizes? What's the difference between natural- and synthetic-hair bristles? What are you supposed to do with that thing shaped like a mascara wand? To ease that confusion, we created a makeup brush guide that explains how to use makeup brushes in your collection.

Types of Brushes

Below, we explain how to identify and how to use 20 of the most common makeup brushes to help you get the most from your brand new makeup brush sets.

Eyes

Angled Liner Brush

How to Use Makeup Brushes: Angled Liner Brush

Also known as: angled eyeliner brush, small angle brush, slanted eyeliner brush

Use it for: lining the eyes with eye shadow or gel eyeliner

Despite its name, an angled liner brush can be used for anything that needs a straight edge, such as drawing a border around lips with concealer or filling out the brows. These brushes are usually synthetic, since that material works best for gel products.

Eyeliner Brush

brush eyeliner png

Also known as: liner brush

Use it for: precise eyeliner application

This brush's precision tip makes it perfect for creating a thin, smooth stroke along the lash line. Use it with liquid or gel eyeliner, or dip it in brightly colored eye shadow for a bolder look. On variations of this brush, the ferrule, or metal part, sits at an angle to encourage a more precise application.

Smudge Brush


brush smudge png
Also known as: smudger brush

Use it for: applying shadow to the lash line or smudging out eyeliner

The dense bristle arrangement of the smudge brush makes it perfect for applying and blending bold bursts of color. It's especially good at smudging out pencil or gel eyeliner to create a smoky eye. Some smudge brushes have tiny sponge ends instead of dense bristles. These are best for smudging and softening lines.

Blending Brush

brush blender png

Also known as: blender brush, eye blender brush, eye shadow blender brush

Use it for: softening and blending eye shadow

This fluffy brush with soft bristles is designed not to apply color, but to blend it. Blending might be the most important step of any eye shadow application, as it smooths out rough lines and softens stark borders for a more professional look.

Eye Shadow Brush

brush eyeshadow png

Also known as: shadow brush, eye shader brush

Use it for: bold application of eye shadow

Whether you want an office-friendly pop of eye shadow or a head-turning evening look, this brush is what you'll use for shadow application. It doubles as a blending brush, as long as you remove any previously used color from its bristles.

Eye Shadow Sponge

brush eyeshadowsponge png

Also known as: sponge applicator, sponge-tip applicator

Use it for: applying pressed or lightly pigmented eye shadow

Though this tool might puzzle some—don't people use makeup brushes so they don't have to use the little sponge that comes with every eye shadow palette?—it has its uses. For one, its absorbent qualities make it perfect for applying shadow that's prone to fallout, so you won't get speckles of shadow on your freshly blushed cheeks. It's also great for applying dry, chalky cosmetics that brushes can't pick up. And when you want to amp up the drama with a dense, heavy layer of shadow, the sponge applicator is your best bet.

(Note: These eye shadow sponge brushes are different than smudger brushes with a sponge tip. Smudger brushes have smaller sponges and again, are better for smudging, rather than applying, makeup.)

SHOP: EYELINER AND EYE SHADOW BRUSHES


Brows and Lips

Spoolie

brush spoolie png

Also known as: eyebrow brush, lash brush, spoolie wand

Use it for: grooming and shaping eyebrows

Your eyes deceive you: this is no mascara wand. It's designed specifically for the eyebrows, where it makes quick work of brushing brow hairs into place and applying brow gel. If you use it after filling your brows in, a spoolie can soften the color so it looks more like your natural eyebrows.

Brow and Lash Comb

brush browcomb png

Also known as: lash/brow groomer, lash comb and brow brush

Use it for: shaping and grooming brows and separating lashes after mascara application

Use the bristle side to shape and groom the eyebrows or to blend brow color for a more natural appearance. The comb side is used for separating mascara-darkened lashes, removing any clumps in the process.


Angled Eyebrow Brush

How to Use Makeup Brushes: Angled Eyebrow Brush

Also known as: slanted eyebrow brush

Use it for: defining and filling in brows

This brush looks nearly identical to the angled eyeliner brush (which you technically could use for the same purpose) with one difference—brow brushes are made with stiff, densely packed natural bristles. This stiffness makes it easier to apply heavier color underneath the brows. Use the slant to your advantage: holding the brush at a 45-degree angle works well for shading, while a 90-degree angle is great for creating precise lines.

Lip Brush

brush lip png

Also known as: lipstick brush, precision lip brush

Use it for: controlled application of lipstick and lip liner

This pointed brush plays a number of roles. If you use lip liner, the brush's precise, tapered bristles can blend the line inward and create a more natural-looking base for lipstick. You can also dip this brush into your liquid lipstick and use it to line your lips. Or, you use the brush to apply lip color all over the lips. After coating the bristles in color, apply it to the lips in thin layers. Start from the center and work your way out, so as not to overpower the corners with too much color.

SHOP: EYEBROW BRUSHES AND LIP BRUSHES 

 

Face

Concealer Brush

brush concealer png

Also known as: concealer blending brush

Use it for: applying and blending concealer

This densely packed brush is made to evenly distribute opaque liquid and cream formulas. Use it to apply concealer to any blemishes, under-eye circles, or discoloration, and then blend.

Contour Brush

brush contour png

Also known as: angled contour brush, contouring brush

Use it for: precise application of blush, contour, or bronzer

With firm bristles and an angled tip, this brush is designed to create a more defined line than its softer, rounder brush counterparts. That makes it perfect for creating the illusion of shadow under the cheekbones or jawline, or even adding a bold streak of blush to the cheeks.


Highlighter Brush

brush highlight png

Also known as: highlight brush, tapered brush

Use it for: light application of highlight, blush, or shimmer powder

With loosely packed, soft bristles, this brush is designed to apply products that need to go on sparingly, such as brightly colored blush and intense shimmer. Try stippling a shimmery highlighter on the high points of your face, such as the cheekbones, nose, and center of the forehead.

Powder Brush

brush powder png

Also known as: large powder brush

Use it for: applying a light dusting of face powder

This big, fluffy brush full of loosely packed bristles will pick up just the right amount of pressed or loose powder. Just tap off any excess before you sweep it on.

Stippling Brush

brush stippling png

Also known as: stipple brush, foundation stippling brush

Use it for: applying a light application of cream blush or highlighter

Usually a hybrid brush with finer fibers near the tip of each bristle, the stippling brush has a knack for creating an airbrush-style finish with liquid or cream foundation. Start by pouring a small amount of foundation on the back of your hand and gently tapping the brush into the liquid. Use that same tapping motion to distribute the foundation evenly all over your face, then gently swirl the bristles around over the applied foundation for an even finish.

Foundation Brush

brush foundation png

Also known as: flat foundation brush

Use it for: applying liquid foundation

Like the stippling brush, the foundation brush is primarily designed to apply foundation. This paintbrush-esque makeup brush has bristles that are tightly packed together, making it perfect for picking up and applying foundation. For the best of both worlds, try using both brushes: apply foundation with the foundation brush, and then blend and finish with the stippling brush.

Blush Brush

brush blush png

Also known as: tapered blush brush

Use it for: a natural application of blush or bronzer

This soft, fluffy brush, which was designed for applying blush to the apples of the cheeks, creates a more subdued finish than the contouring brush. This brush comes in a variety of shapes, each designed for a particular application style. Try a few out to find the one that works for you.

Finishing Brush

brush faceblender png

Also known as: blending brush, face blending brush

Use it for: naturally blending makeup on the full face

Despite its name, this brush can be used to apply foundation, blend makeup, or both. Like eye shadow, face makeup should always be blended for the most natural appearance possible.

Fan Brush

brush fan png

Use it for: applying a light dusting of powder, highlighter, or shimmer

This gentle brush with sparse, soft bristles works well for sheer applications. Use it to apply a light touch of blush, shimmer, or bronzer on the cheeks, or even brush a clean fan brush under the eyes to remove any leftover flecks of shadow.

Kabuki Brush

brush kabuki png

Also known as: buffer brush

Use it for: applying an even application of face powder, bronzer, or blush, or for blending

Despite its name associations with the heavily made-up Japanese theater style, the kabuki brush is all about subtlety. Soft and fluffy, yet usually compact, the brush may be used to apply finishing powder or blush with a feathery finish. Its softness also lends itself to blending—simply swirl the brush in circles to soften any harsh lines in your foundation, blush, or contour.

SHOP: FACE BRUSHES

 

Brush-Bristle Materials

The bristles on makeup brushes come in one of three forms: natural, synthetic, or hybrid. You may find sets that include brushes made of one type of bristle, or a mix of each. That mix is usually by design, since each type of bristle lends itself to a specific type of makeup.

1. Natural Bristles

Made from real animal hair, natural bristles have a porous structure that makes them perfect for picking up color from powder cosmetics. However, they're not as ideal for cream and liquid products, and they can be harder to clean. Plus, if you have animal-hair allergies or care about being cruelty-free, you may want to stay away from natural bristles.

SHOP: NATURAL-BRISTLE BRUSHES 

2. Synthetic Bristles

Because synthetic bristles aren't as absorbent as their natural counterparts, cream blushes and liquid foundation won't get trapped their bristles, and they blend eye shadow and other cosmetics to a natural finish without removing much color. They're still no match for natural bristles when it comes to applying powders.

SHOP: SYNTHETIC-BRISTLE BRUSHES 

3. Hybrid Bristles

You can often spot hybrid brushes by their telltale two-tone design, as each individual bristle in is made of both natural animal hair and synthetic material. Combining these two materials creates a versatile tool that lends itself to applying and blending virtually any type of makeup.

Illustrations by Ashley Hamer for Groupon


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