Hair Relaxers: Breaking Nature's Bonds
Thanks to hair relaxers, you can walk into a salon curly and leave straight. Zoom in on the chemistry of your curls with Groupon’s introduction.
Human hair is flexible enough to run wild as a mountain stream one day and fall as straight as water over the Hoover Dam the next. But to make lasting changes to its texture, you need to go beyond the reach of styling tools down to the chemical level. All hair is made of keratin, a hard protein that’s also central to our skin, nails, and exoskeletons. To form a single hair, keratin molecules link together in different patterns with the help of three types of chemical bonds: hydrogen bonds and salt bonds, both of which break easily in water and reform when dry, and disulphide bonds, which can only be broken by certain chemicals. In straight hair, the disulphide bonds are evenly aligned. In curly hair, however, the bonds occur irregularly and at odd angles, causing the hair to twist and kink on its way down.
When you style your hair with heat or water alone, you break the weaker hydrogen and salt bonds to allow your do to take a new shape. Once water touches your hair, however, the bonds reform in their customary way, and you’re back where you started. Chemical relaxers, therefore, work by dissolving the hair's tough, waterproof disulphide bonds and preventing them from reforming in their normal pattern.
The most powerful hair relaxers contain sodium hydroxide, otherwise known as lye. Given lye’s presence in drain openers and oven cleaners, you might guess that it can be quite harsh on human skin, which is why no-lye relaxers made from guanidine hydroxide are also common. There is a trade-off, however: some find that lye relaxers are harder on the scalp but gentler on hair, and work more quickly so that you can get back to staring at your hair in the mirror sooner. An experienced stylist can recommend the best method for your hair.
For Body Beautiful's team of cosmetic experts, it?s not enough to simply treat patients? skin, veins, or cellulite. The med-spa?s staff is also focused on helping patients understand the issues they?re facing and how they can be treated most effectively, which is why all patients begin their relationship with the spa with a personal consultation. Only then does Body Beautiful draw on its arsenal of high-tech services, including treatments that include diode-laser hair removal, tattoo removal, and fractional skin resurfacing and rejuvenation designed to minimize skin irritation. The team also uses lasers?along with peels, ultrasound facials, microdermabrasion, and other approaches?to combat acne and spider veins, and its laser toenail fungus removal helps prepare feet for warm-weather footwear. To complement its other technological techniques, Body Beautiful also offers body-contouring wraps, which rely on a mixture of radio frequency, infrared light, fillers and Botox, and teeth whitening.
In the early 1960s, a young man dropped out of high school and got a job cutting hair at Saks Fifth Avenue. According to TribLive, he made $4.95 for his first haircut, and as this new job transformed into a burgeoning passion, he decided to sell his car to pay for tuition at Pittsburgh Beauty Academy. Philip Pelusi, this blue-collar boy with a modest past, eventually came to own 13 of his own salons, create signature hair and skincare product lines, and garner a slew of accolades, including being named one of the top 10 stylists in the country by InStyle magazine.
At Philip Pelusi Salons, each of the stylists specialize in Pelusi’s patented Volumetric haircutting method. Following architectural principles, the method takes face shape and hair texture into consideration as scissor snips carefully build from the bottom up to create a style that follows the hair’s natural growth pattern and preexisting electrical wiring. To complement this structural approach, the staff calls on Pelusi’s own line of eco-friendly, plant-derived salon formulas that are bolstered with sunscreens, proteins, and moisturizers to keep strands healthy. The salon magnate’s skincare and cosmetics formulas follow the same nourishing recipes and take a starring role in the salons’ menu of facials and makeup services.
What services does your business offer and what makes your business stand out from the competition?
I am a local business owner, a licensed cosmetologist for over 20 years, with advanced technical training specifically in eyelash extensions. My studio is a warm, relaxed, welcoming environment that also offers eyebrow tinting & waxing services.
What was the inspiration to start or run this business?
The inspiration for this lash studio is nothing short of a gift from God. Through prayer, and devotion the Lord inspired my heart to open my home & live my passion to bring beauty & confidence to the women around me.
What do you love most about your job?
The thing I like the most about my job is the wonderful women I get to surround myself with. I love when women can inspire and support each other. When a woman feels good about herself, she inspires others around her. Confidence and happiness are contagious.
What is the best reaction you've ever gotten from a customer?
The best reaction I get from customers is excitement. I find that women who struggle with short lashes are extremely happy to fix something that has bothered them for a long time. Your face is the first thing people see when they meet you. Eyes are the window to your soul. Why not decorate them.
Helmed by sisters Chris Powell and Linda DelRosso—a duo with more than 35 years of salon experience—Hairtique Designers Inc. revitalizes hair and skin with an array of salon and spa services. An in-depth consultation kicks off every tress transformation, with guests imparting haircut ideas and personal style goals before scissors work through mops to sculpt face-flattering 'dos. Color touchups, foils, and all-over color fix up pesky roots or add subtle dimension to manes, creating hues as flawless as mathematical proofs written inside a diamond. The salon builds on the sisters' 35 years of experience and keeps current on coloring and styling trends through its dedication to continuing education. Their tenacious talents earned them a 2012 reader's choice award in Trib Total Media for best beauty salon in Pleasant Hills.
Aestheticians soothe a panoply of skin issues with vitamins, steam, and European techniques during facials, and free pelts from unwelcome fuzz with waxing for eyebrows, underarms, bikini areas, and other spots. Spray tans give bodies that just-beached look and make glossy manicures and pedicures pop. For additional comfort, the Hairtique Designers staff greets all clients with a daily assortment of beverages and baked goods, including coffee, tea, and cheesecake.
Though board-certified plastic surgeon Dr. Thomas Jeneby specializes in transforming patients' appearances, his own face may look very familiar. The diplomate of the American Board of Plastic Surgery has shared his extensive knowledge of both adult and pediatric plastic-surgery procedures with stations such as ABC News and KENS 5, and he was named one of the best area plastic surgeons by S.A. Scene. Dr. Jeneby also offers expertise as a national trainer on topics such as Lipotherme, SmartLipo body sculpting, and DOT therapy laser skin resurfacing.
At the equally acclaimed Plastic & Cosmetic Center, Dr. Jeneby and his staff perform surgical and noninvasive procedures ranging from rhinoplasties to SmoothShapes laser cellulite treatments. The facility houses a convenient onsite lab for blood draws and a concierge room where family members can watch television or their own DVDs from home. Clients can head upstairs to Spa Black to be treated with lasers that remove unwanted hair, banish pigmented lesions, or read barcode versions of Shakespeare.